Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the following questions.
Reading to oneself is a modern activity which was almost unknown to the scholars of the classical and
medieval worlds, while during the 15th century the term “reading” undoubtedly meant reading aloud. Only
during the 19th century did silent reading become commonplace. One should be wary, however, of
assuming that silent reading came about simply because reading aloud is a distraction to others.
Examination of factors related to historical development of silent reading reveals that it became the usual
mode of reading for most adult reading task mainly because the tasks themselves changed in character.
The last century saw a steady increase in literacy, and thus in the number of readers. As readers
increased so the number of potential listeners declined, and thus there was some deduction in the need to
read aloud. As reading for the benefit of listeners grew less common, so came the flourishing of reading as
a private activity in such public places as libraries, railway carriages and offices, where, reading aloud
would cause distraction to other readers. Towards the end of the century there was still considerable
argument over whether book should be used for information or treated respectfully and over whether the
reading of material such as newspaper was in some way mentally weakening. Indeed this argument
remains with us till in education. However, whatever it virtues, the old shared literacy culture had gone
and was replaced by the printed mass media on the one hand and by books and periodicals for a
specialized readership on the other. By the end of the century, students were recommended to adopt
attitudes to books and to use skills in reading them which were in appropriate, if not impossible, for the
oral reader. The social, cultural, and technological changes in the century had greatly altered what the term
Question 1: The passage mainly discusses...
A.The role of reading aloud
B.How reading silent developed
C.The superiority of reading aloud over reading silent
D.The changes in reading books